Culture & Heritage

Cultural Chetna :-

Culture is the name of the flower of the Vat of Knowledge. Young people singing folk songs by playing the wood, national and cultural dramas of the theatrical groups, various seminars, Hari Kirtan lasting 20 years continuously, while reinforcing the sentiments of the people, moisten them with the sounds of various tunes. Cooperation, affection, good work and good behavior have their own tradition here.

People also call it the idol of Lord Vishnu.

Historical Majar- Mira Shah shrine

There is a mazar north of Dargah town situated on Madhuban-Dohrighat road, 05 km away from newly created tehsil Madhuban of the district. Everyone who reaches here bows his head in reverence. Here people pay obeisance in front of a Sayyid’s tomb of Meera Shah, ask for prayers and return. But who was Syed Meera Shah? Very few people still know this.

To know the history of this tomb and dargah, one has to go back to the 10th and 11th centuries. In this context, a lot of material is found in the famous Persian book “Bahrezkhwar” written by Sheikh Wajehuddin Ashraf Lakhnouri. According to the facts mentioned in the book, there is a tomb of the same Syed Meera Shah in the dargah, with whose blessings Timurlang got the opportunity to rule for seven generations. Not only this, Emperor Sher Shah Suri of Delhi also had the blessings of Mirashah.

The full name of Mirashah is “Hazrat Syed Ahmad Wadpan”. He established his seat in Kolhuawan Dargah and became famous among the people. His fame spread far and wide. Raja-Maharaja from far and wide got influenced and started becoming disciples of Mirashah. According to the recorded legends, Mira Shah was a disciple of Hazrat Badeuddin Qutb Madar. It is said that once he was coming to India via Samarkand. On the way, he had stopped eating and drinking. When his guru Qutub Madar came to know about this, he told him that you should go towards the south, there you will find a spring of water and green trees will be found on its banks. A man will be waiting for his seven friends in the shade of trees, he has food for seven people and that food is in your name. You eat food in the name of Allah and bless him to become the king of seven books or the king of seven countries. The same thing happened when Meera Shah reached there, she was fed food by a person and Shah gave the same blessing. This person was Taimur Lang

In another episode, Sher Shah Suri, incensed by the misbehavior of his mother, also came to the shelter of Sayyid Mirashah and prayed for Dua after narrating his grief. He was standing in front of Sayyid. After a long time Syed looked at him and said sit down. But he remained standing. Twice this happened, when Sher Shah Suri did not sit for the third time, then Sayyid in anger asked him to sit or leave. Shaking with fear, Sher Shah sat down. Then Sayyid said, go, you will get your jagir again and you will also become the king of India. He gave some instruction to Sher Shah and asked him to go back. He also said that you should give your first child in our service.

After becoming the emperor, Sher Shah fulfilled his condition. He got the row built here, a solid wall was built around it. Minars were built on the four corners of the wall. In the middle a platform was built for Mira Shah. There is a pond on the eastern side of Rauja, in which water keeps falling through a spring. This pond never dries up. Regarding the pond, people say that Sayyid Sahib buried it with a rag and a spring of water broke out from there, which continues even today. People do wudu with the water of this spring, popularly known as Patal Ganga, cattle drink water and people get healthy by applying it after biting a dog.

Sher Shah sent his daughter Mahbano in the service of Mirashah. She stayed in the fort and got absorbed in offering prayers. Sher Shah stayed there for seven weeks with his daughter. Since then a huge fair is held here from the last Thursday of Jyestha month to seven Thursdays respectively. The tomb of the Mahbans still exists here. The platform on which Mirashah used to sit is also a platform, but the wall of the fort has become dilapidated. Regional people believe that even today Mirashah sits on his platform every night. Various stories are prevalent about the long life of Mira Shah. People of all classes come here, and ask for prayers and offer chadar. Those who come here get peace and feel a sense of happiness and peace.

Baba Srudas Anathasrm :-

District Mau has always been a religious place for sages-maharishis, sages-mahatmas and saints. Here sages and sages and sages have done public service along with religious sermons and made this region their land of work. There are such places in different areas of the district. One such place is Karjauli which was the place of work of Baba Saryu Das.

On the Mau-Azamgarh road, about five kilometers from the main road ahead of Khurhat, Karjauli was made by the famous saint Baba Saryudas as his spiritual place. The orphanage, giving the message of love, cooperation and satsang to mankind, is operating for the last one hundred years. In the 100 acres of land of the ashram, 56 acres of land remaining from the possession of the local people can be used in public interest.

Historic village Surjpur :-

Surajpur, a historical village built in the atmosphere of princely culture and landlordism, is still the center of discussion due to its past. Historically, this village of landlords, named after Surajmal Shah, used to be at par with the royals in terms of their food and lifestyle. The discussion of his past only arouses curiosity. According to legend, Surajpur was the final frontier of Ayodhya. It was here that the tenth gate of Ayodhya was located, which is called Alfatki Ghat, from where Dasharatha shot Shravan Kumar with an arrow. It is said that ten steps away from Phatki Ghat is a Peepal tree, where Shravan’s blind parents had cursed Dasharatha and died due to Shravan disconnection.

Later on, this place became famous by the name of Andhara Kund. One kilometer from here, there was an abe-deer on the south-west corner. Where the animals of the forest used to drink water. It was here that Shranav had dipped the kamandal to give water to the thirsty parents, hearing the sound that Dasharatha shot an arrow. Abe-Hir’s name changed to now known as Abhiran. Although this place is very important, but due to its lack of discussion on a large scale, it has remained confined to the legends of the villagers. The Peepal tree still exists here where the blind and blind had died. The place from where Dasharatha shot the arrow was named “Sar-Chhoda” but now it has come to be known as Sarphora. In the tales of Ramayana, the incident of Ram Van’s movement has been the result of the curse of the blind and the blind and its background was created in Surajpur itself.

The lack of attention of any historian towards the historical past of Surajpur has been the reason for neglecting such incidents. Anyway, this village has a past and glorious history, because even in the freedom struggle, this village has not contributed much to the British repression on the people of this village countless times and the freedom fighters had made the biggest sacrifice. It was here that the people played their leading role in the Chhichhore train robbery incident which was led by Com. Jai Bahadur Singh. Azad Hind Fauj’s lieutenant Chandradev Rai belonged to this village, whose bravery is discussed even today.

A symbol of communal harmony Diet Baba Majar :-

Rahiman accompaniment of a sage, as is the abode of Gandhi. Whatever does not give fragrance, even then the aroma of bass.
The above lines of the devotee poet Rahim come alive as soon as he comes in the presence of Sufi saint Dieti Baba’s tomb. The aura of peace and harmony spread all around Baba’s tomb infuses the noble intentions and wonderful feeling of peace of the visitors. Giving the message of love-bhakti, faith and peace, the mazar of the abstinent Baba will probably be the first tomb of a perfect man in India, next to which there is also a tomb of a Hindu boy. Along with Baba, people also pay obeisance at the tomb of a Hindu boy and make vows.

Sayyid Noor Muhammad, a well-known Sufi saint, who made this region his place of spiritual practice about 500 years ago, went to the holy city of Mecca with his associates about 600 years ago and roamed around in India, making this dense forest and pond area his work place. where he had finished his Ihlila.

About 30 km away from the district headquarter, where Shaheed Marg connects the Madhuban-Belthara road, at a short distance from the main road on the east side, on the banks of the holy pond (Talartoy) is situated the tomb of Sufi saint Rehatri Baba.

The fame of Sayyid Noor Muhammad started spreading far and wide as soon as he came here. He used to spend most of his time in the worship of God and in the service of the poor. Due to his complete abstinence from all the bad qualities-addictions and tamasic tendencies, Syed Noor Muhammad Saheb later gained fame as Dieti Baba. Worship of God and Lok Mangal were these two tasks in front of the abstinent Baba. They used to become crazy about their works to such an extent that they lost their senses and intellects. Seeing his masochism and passion, the people around him also called him as Deewane Baba with love and reverence. Thousands of stories about the welfare of the diety Baba and the legends narrating his divine powers are narrated by the nearby people listening to each other with great enthusiasm. According to the legend, during his lifetime, the abstinent Baba had never disappointed the devotees who came to his court.

Even today, those who reach Baba’s tomb get his blessings, the wishes of the people asked from the heart are fulfilled. Although a fair is held here every Thursday, but the Urs held on the second day of Eid has historical significance. The tradition of running langar here on selected days by the people of the nearby Mallah community continues even today. When you pay obeisance at Baba’s mazar, one feels immense peace and happiness.

Apart from this, there is also a tomb of two famous Muslim saints in village Undura under Madhuban police station, which relieves the devotees from supernatural sufferings. At the tomb of Shah Muhammad Moinuddin Rahmatullah and Shah Muhammad Mukhtar Ahmed Rahmatullah, people suffering from ghosts and curses get peace. People come here from far and wide.


Mau and weaving art complement each other. Weavers are the basis of the heights and prosperity on which Mau stands today. The weaving of sarees has become the identity of the citizens here. The art of weaving has been absorbed into the culture of this region by mingling with the air.

The origin of weaving in this region dates back to the period of the Mughal emperor Jahangir. As time passed, this art flourished and became famous as the traditional art of the local minorities. Handloom weaving in eastern Uttar Pradesh started from Mau and gradually spread to other cities. Its origin in Mau is believed to be from the 16th century. At that time, a weaver named Tansen here produced very beautiful cloth on the loom. Gradually other people learned this skill and today it is the home industry here. There is hardly any house in the city or the surrounding Muslim families which does not have a modern powered loom. According to an estimate about 85 thousand looms are running in the city. Apart from this, if the areas like Kopaganj, Adri, Purghat, Ghosi, Madhuban, Muhammadabad Gohna, Khurhat, Khairabad, Karahan, Pipridih, Bahadurganj, Mubarakpur etc. are mixed, then lakhs of looms run day and night.

The sarees made of Mau have a different identity in the country and abroad. Attractive and artistic embroidery is made on the sarees. Besides its attractiveness, the sarees that compete with the Banarasi sarees are accessible to the general public. Apart from saris, traditional clothes of different states like Assam, Bengal, Maharashtra etc. are also manufactured here. It is noteworthy that Prime Minister Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru, who came here in 1957, while praising the art and textile industry here, called it Manchester of India. To a large extent, the weavers of this area made Nehru’s dream come true with their dedication and hard work. Majority of the population here is engaged in weaving. This work is also the only means of livelihood of the people who have been doing it from generation to generation. Due to this art, unemployment is also relatively less here and people are also happy.

Raghunathpura, Munshipura, Kheribagh, Kiari Tola, Bhikharipur, Bulakipura, Pathantola, Pyaarepura, Mirzahadipura, Domanpura, Islampura, Jamalpura, Madanpura, Maliktahir Pura, Kasimpura, Hasnamkhasani, Hattimdari, Mughalpura, Dakshin Tola, Alaganj, Aadiganj The locality is the center of weaving.