Mau district was constantly struggling to free the country from its independence. Although Mau district emerged on this land after independence in 1988, but the flame of independence was always lit here and people actively participated in the freedom struggle. The story of the sacrifice of the revolutionaries here continued to enthrall the foreigners by crossing the boundaries of the state and the country. The panic of Madhuban for independence in this region was also prevalent in the British Parliament. This area has been rich with those who dedicated their heads on the sacrifice of freedom to free Maa Bharati from the clutches of foreign invaders.
The special period for the known history, which is called the first war of independence, from 1857 to 1947, the fire of the freedom struggle was always blazing here and from time to time the freedom fighters kept giving their sacrifices in it. It is because of its revolutionary background that this region has always attracted the national leadership. Father of the Nation Mahatma Gandhi and National Hero Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru and mass leader Subhash Chandra Bose came here during the freedom movement and gave direction to the people.
The people of this region actively participated in the first war of independence of 1857. In 1857, the two sons of this zone who were publicly hanged on a neem tree and hanged were Harakh Singh and Hulas Singh, residents of village Dubari of newly created Madhuban tehsil. The great freedom fighter Babu Kunwar Singh had arrived in this village of Chandel Kshatriyas. The local people supported him enthusiastically, for which he also had to bear the consequences. Seven kos zamindari of Chandel zamindari was snatched and given to the English woman whose husband was killed in this movement. Harakh Singh, Hulas Singh and Bihari Singh were taken prisoner on the charge of supporting Kunwar Singh of the village and they were ordered to be hanged publicly. Bihari Singh escaped by dodging but the other two persons were hanged on a neem tree in the garden of village Dubari.
The incident sparked a reaction across the region. People of villages like Dohrighat, Pardaha, Amila, Surajpur etc. stopped paying their goods. During this, Thakur Zalim Singh of Pardaha development block tried to give organized form to the freedom struggle. He roamed around with Prithvipal Singh, Raja Beni Prasad, Ishdala, Muhammad Jahan, Pargat Singh etc. to awaken the spirit of independence. After the hanging of Dubari, on April 01, 1857, at Gauri Shankar Ghat, located on the Saryu bank in Dohrighat, the Ranbankurs on whom the British fired collectively, including Zalim Singh, were also involved and they survived from there. managed to get out. Later on June 03, 1857, Zalim Singh along with his fellow fighters captured Azamgarh Collectorate and freed it from the British. Azamgarh remained independent for 22 days. On June 26, Benibulls, the owner of the Neel Godown living in Dohrighat, recaptured this district with the British army coming from outside and his diplomacy and started the process of brutal repression. Openly shooting the revolutionaries, public executions and brutal torture had become common, yet the indomitable enthusiasm of the freedom fighters did not diminish nor did they allow the flame of the struggle to fade away.
The fighting spirit of freedom fighters not only inspired Krantiveer Kunwar Singh to come here but also took an active part in the fight with him. Kunwar Singh came here via Ballia and entered Dubari village of Mau district. At the same time, he made the outline of the future struggle and in April, 1858, he fought with the British at various places. He defeated the British in the battle near Shahgarh. Later, the British, with their increased power and diplomacy, established their dominance over this area and continued the process of exploitation and repression, but despite their repression and atrocities, the struggle of the freedom fighters continued.
A new form of freedom movement emerged after the rise of Mahatma Gandhi as a freedom fighter on the national scene. The people of this area actively participated in it. On February 2, 1929, the Congress Committee was formed in Azamgarh under the chairmanship of Mohd. Suleman Nadvi, in which the participation of the people of Mau was remarkable. Prior to this, the people of this area participated effectively in Mahatma Gandhi’s non-cooperation movement in 1921. Hundreds of persons including Mahendra Mishra, Ramjatan Singh, Musafir Singh were arrested under the leadership of Algu Rai Shastri and Baldev Choubey. Algu Rai Shastri, who became a graduate of Kashi Vidyapeeth in 1923, later led the movements at the national level. To give organized form to the freedom movement in this region, a big conference was organized in Azamgarh on 26th November, 1929, which was addressed by Pt. Motilal Nehru. After 9 years, Mahatma Gandhi came to Dohrighat on October 3, 1939. Prior to that, in 1936, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru had organized a huge public meeting in Mau. The arrival of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose in this area in October, 1940 infused new enthusiasm among the revolutionaries of the district and they joined with enthusiasm in the war of independence of Madre Watan.
On 06 April 1930, when Mahatma Gandhi broke the black law of the British by making salt in Dandi, it was led by Pt. Algu Rai Shastri in the state. Even its own region did not lag behind in flouting this black law. Umrao Singh, Shivcharan Rai, Satyra
1942 August Revolution and Madhubana
The residents had to pay in 1942. History of August 15, 1942 The famous incident proved to be a milestone in the freedom struggle. A historical document is presented here in connection with the Madhuban incident. This is the journal of Madhuban police station, which was written by the then station head. This diary, written by a police station head against independence, throws light on the various dimensions of the famous Madhuban incident, which are as follows:-
“On August 14, 1942, Musammi Gorakhnath Shukla, Baroha Congressman Hamrah Murat God resident of Chauhanpur and Jhinku Mauja was going to Hira Patti Sanskrit School, when 21 DIR was arrested and the same day the arrest was sent to Sadar. The effect of its arrest was that Ram Narayan Sonar Sakin Gajiyapur, Ramsundar Pandey Sakin Gajiyapur and Karkoon Congress workers gathered at the same time a large number of Askhas and Publicans gathered with these people at great speed. Going to attack the police station, Gorakhnath Shukla should be rescued and the police station should be attacked. On 13th August 1942, there was a fair in Parmi Dammar Baba Thana Umaon District Ballia. At the same time, a program was made from goons and irresponsible askhas. Belthara Road station was looted on 14th August 1942 and according to the program, Belthara Road station was burnt and looted on 14th August 1942 and warehousing and sugar-chopped gulla was looted and this incident increased the courage of the people. ”
Publican was the one from whom on August 14, 1942, the largest number gathered in Mauja Dubari and the news of Majma was received by the sub-inspector and the police station would not be attacked in any way from Vimdad Thana Kauri Singh Zamindar Dubari Hikmat Ali. It was done and the officer senior was informed. When the staff reached the outpost station Haja from the outpost Rampur, they came to know that a huge crowd, singing and playing the Congress flag, is coming to the post and post office Rampur, blowing and looting. From where the success is to capture district Azamgarh while looting Ghosi railway station tehsil, post office and police station while looting Muhammadabad tehsil. On which the watchman and servant could be provided in such a bad time. Arrangements were made for the security of the police station. By happy luck, when all the arrangements had been made Sir, Mr. RH Niblet Sahib, Bahadur Magistrate, District Azamgarh and Mr. Superintendent Thakur Sudeshwari Singh, Inspector Hala, the existing Deputy Superintendent Sahab Bahadur Police and two other constables came to the police station, Haja attended and after listening to the incident, the arrangements were made. Happened. At around two o’clock, Majma Musallah started gathering with a thousand crowd from all sides and in Majma, Musmiyaan Mangal Dev Pandey Shastri Baroha and Rambriksh Chobe Kamal Sagar came to the sub-inspector to hoist the Congress flag at the station Haja and cited the office paper. Went back after much chatter on refusal to offer to do so. Then the law against Mazma, the post office Madhuban and cattle food and dispensary Vaidya were attacked and looted and the attackers, who were not less than six thousand in number, were filled with ballam, furs, hoe, sand, saw, hammer and daggers. Suddenly the attackers on the police station and even after persuasion did not deter their failure and the Collector Bahadur had to order to shoot and the bullets started firing and the rebellion went on for about two hours in which many dead bodies were released in the station Haja and Many of the men among the locksmiths became jaded and killed. By about 9 o’clock in the night, the police station was cleared of the attackers, even then the police station was not free from danger and the attackers cut the Ghosi road during this time so that the Collector could not get out of the district from here. This appearance lasted for three days, even so much help could not reach. On August 17, 1942, when the Collector Sahib Mahdur was taking Civil Jere Surveillance Officer Ghosi Tashreef, a group of rebels, who were not less than a thousand, attacked Phal Mohan, but his understanding and understanding did not spoil his hair. Could be The attacker was in danger of getting out until the military aid arrived. The trial was settled and the investigation was done, due to which Hasab Zail Askhas was punished, Hasab Zail is the memory of the Askhas rebel. On August 14, 42 was registered. (After this the names of 98 people involved in the incident are registered.)
The said complaint of the police station is one sided. The crowd was unarmed and was protesting against the tyranny of the Thanedar and wanted to hoist the tricolor flag there. But the fanatic officers opened fire on the unarmed people. 13 freedom fighters were martyred in Madhuban, whose names are as follows:- Ram Nakshatra Pandey, Munni Kumar, Vibhuti Singh, Ramapati Tiwari, Hanif Tailor, Sumer Gaderi, Kumar Majhi, Lachchanpati Koiri, Banwari, Bandhu Nonia, Rajdev Kandu, Shivdhan Harijan, Raghunath full.
The echoes of the Madhuban incident were heard all over the country. The entire surrounding area was involved in the British campaign.
Pipreedih train Kand :-
There was a serious problem of money in running the movement before the freedom fighters. Somehow the car was moving. To give impetus to the movement, in 1938, Jai Bahadur Singh made a secret plan to rob the train near Pipridih station of the district and along with his companions Krishnadev Rai, Jamin Ali, Udaynarayan Dubey, Keshav Shukla, Bikeshwar Dutt, Jagannath Mishra, Tej Pratap Singh. Done it with
Khurht station blew Gya:-
The revolutionaries, agitated by the Madhuban incident, attacked Khurhat station under the leadership of Ramsharan Sharma. When the workers there surrendered to the revolutionaries, the revolutionaries took them out and set them on fire. In this sequence, an attempt was made to break the bridge connecting Mau to Mohammadabad, but due to the arrival of the police from Mau, the revolutionaries turned away, in this connection Shivraj Rai and Phoolchand Upadhyay were arrested and sent to jail.
On August 15, 1942, in front of Kalyanpur between Ghosi and Kopaganj, railway line tracks and telephone wires were uprooted under the leadership of Satyaram Singh, this incident was repeated in January 1943, which was led by Dal Singhar Pandey.
The district’s town area Amila was also not untouched by revolutionary activities. The house of Algu Rai Shastri was burnt down by the British, which caused a tremendous reaction in the entire region. There was also Jharkhand Rai, a resident of the same village, who later became a prominent leader of the Communist Party of India.
On August 15, 1942, in Amila, hundreds of revolutionaries under the direction of Radhe Rai, Ramchandra Rai, Baldev Rai, Pateshwari Rai burnt the Amila town area to ashes. In this connection, Pateshwari Rai was imprisoned for two years and 15 cane and Ramshankar Rai was imprisoned for 6 months.
Revolutionary Ayojna- in dohrighat
A furious mob of patriotic workers of Rampur Dhanauli, Gantha, Budhawar, Thakurgaon, Saraya, Patnai, Purauli etc. in the nearby villages of central Dohrighat town burnt Dohrighat post office, Dak Bungalow, railway station, government buildings after vandalizing them on 16 August 1942. Diya, railway tracks were uprooted. The culvert on the south paved road of Gontha was broken, the road was cut off near Chiutidand and the road was blocked.
Krantivir of Mohammadabad Gohana
On 17 August 1942, the work of uprooting the railway line and breaking the telecommunications between Muhammadabad-Khurhat was done on a large scale. The people of the entire region had reached there, which was led by Ramdhari Rai of Kadipur. Mr. Rai was sentenced to two and a half years. The then Collector Mr. Stuart got him beaten up with sticks in jail. On every stick, Shri Rai kept on chanting Bande Mataram and Bharat Mata ki Jai. After his release from jail, he went into the field of journalism and retired as assistant editor of Navbharat Times. After getting independence, he rejected the land given by the government saying that he would not take the cost of his mother’s service.
Piparidiha-indara andolanah on stesana
On 21 August 1942, a group of agitators under the leadership of Ram Lakhan Singh, Shyam Narayan Singh, Awadh Narayan Singh disrupted the railway system and communication by uprooting the railway line and the pillars between Mau-Pipridih station. Prior to this, Indara station was burnt on 17th August. On the spot, three revolutionaries were killed and many were injured due to the bullet fired by the Ghori police.
Dohrighat Harijan Gurukul destruction
The British army led by the then District Magistrate of Azamgarh, Mr. Hardy and Captain Mr. Bying, looted the Harijan Gurukul of Dohrighat and set the whole building on fire. Gurukul activists Devpati Singh, Kshamanand, Sukhraj, Swami Satyanand were arrested and sent to jail.
Beratpur, located in the deserted and rugged place of Tamsa river, 5 km north-west of the district headquarters, and about two km across the river just in front of this village, Faizullahpur village was the secret base of the agitators at the time of the 1942 revolution, where the revolutionaries used to make plans.
The sacrifices of the immortal martyrs paid off and finally came on the morning of August 15, 1947. With the light of freedom. India became independent. A grand martyr pillar has been made in the memory of the immortal martyrs who laid down their lives in Madhuban for this freedom, which will continue to inspire us to keep our freedom intact. A fair is held every year at this martyr’s place. It is rightly said:-